When is the best time to request your epidural? Will getting it earlier or later prolong labor or cause other issues? How can you make the choice it is time for the epidural?
Hi, I’m Hilary — the Pregnancy Nurse. I have been a nurse since 1997 and have spent 20 years in labor and delivery. I’d love to send you some helpful tips during your pregnancy:
I am also the creator of The Online Prenatal Class for Couples that has an entire chapter on pain mangement options and a bonus video on natural pain management. The course can be done in about 3 hours (or much longer as I have lots of options to dive deep into). Includes video, text, quizzes, printables and couples questions to get you on the same page!
I also did a podcast that answers some of people’s most burning questions in epidurals (including this one):
And, I have a video all about when the best time to get the epidural is:
When is the Best Time to Get Your Epidural?
The studies point to this fact:
The best time to get an epidural is when the mother requests it
The study randomly assigned women to get it early or late. Of course, that is different than the hospital environment where we give the epidural when you ask for it.
In my 20 years of practice, I do think there is a correlation between women who ask super early (before 3 cm) and those who get a cesearean section.
That being said, would those women have gotten a cesarean either way. Perhaps labor was more painful because the baby’s positioning? Correlation does not represent causation.
When should you ask for your epidural?
When patients ask me when it’s best to get it — I have a few rules I share:
You should be progressing
Your cervix should be opening before we give an epidural. Now, that might not be the case in a medically necessary induction (especially at 37 weeks — as that can be a painful uphill battle).
Why? Because we want to be sure you’re actually in labor? If you come in, and you’re 2 cm — we aren’t going to give an epidural because we aren’t sure you’re actually staying at the hospital. We will encourage movement and hydration (both great either way). If we check you again in an hour, and you’re 3 cm — then that opens up the epidural.
I have sent a patient home who had an epidural. She just didn’t end-up in labor. She was still not due, and we didn’t find it worth it to basically induce labor when the baby could stay inside a bit longer.
We turned-off the epidural pump, let it completely wear-off and we sent her home. She came in a week or two later in labor.
That is a scenario we’d like to avoid — so it is important for us to know you are in labor before we give an epidural. Although, I used to be jealous of epidurals that I’d give as approached 40 weeks as a pregnant labor nurse. 🙂
You should be in pain
If you come in for an induction, I likely would discourage you from getting the epidural right away. I do believe there is something in your body’s feedback system that you will want to feed SOMETHING before you get the epidural.
That being said – I will just inform you of the risks and benefits of getting it early, and you can make the choice. The choice is mostly always up to you.
Except in this case…
You need a doctor’s order
I am grateful that in the last half of my career, the doctors have been very lenient as to when women could get an epidural. However, the first 10 years there were very strict rules that doctors set-up about when a woman could get the epidural.
Which, basically just required us to fudge a few vaginal exams when a woman was desperate for pain relief.
I hear that in most areas doctors are allow epidurals “whenever” (within reason obviously) — but you might want to check with your as your next visit.
Consider the pain RIGHT NOW
What is the pain like right now? Don’t get an epidural anticipating huge pain in a few hours.
While the epidural does take some time to get set-up — there isn’t a reason to get an epidural out of fear of what the pain will be like in a few hours.
The good news is that you’re in the hospital and we can do a lot of things to manage your pain — so just keep that in mind!
That being said…
Consider what’s going to happen
If your doctor is coming in to break your water (be sure to obtain informed consent before it — to make sure that’s what you want) — you might want to consider getting it before then. Especially if you are in a good amount of pain right now.
Once your water breaks, the contractions tend to get more painful. Think of it as a full water balloon, and when it breaks, you can squeeze a lot tighter, right?
If I know a practitioner is coming to break water, I will always try to inform my patients in advance so they can make the choice for themselves.
Let your nurse know
If you know you want an epidural, and especially if you’re starting to get quite uncomfortable — let your nurse know.
If something is likely to head for a cesarean section, often I will try to get a patient an epidural before that other patient goes into surgery.
During the time that the patient is in surgery, our anesthesiologist is tied up and can’t come place the epidural.
They can sometimes call a colleague to come do it.
Also, at busy hospitals you might have to get in “line” to get your epidural.
You can always ask the nurse what she thinks and if there is a back-up on epidural placements.
BTW if you’re nervous about the epidural placement, I go through the entire thing and what to expect during each step of it in The Online Prenatal Class. Get prepared in just three hours!
How long does it take an epidural to “work”?
The epidural itself works quite quickly. But, the timeline can look like this.
Patient request an epidural
Anesthesia has up to 30 minutes to get to the room (often it is quicker, but sometimes it is not)
Epidural placement and informed consent takes about 30 minutes. FYI, it is a lot of prep and drawing up medications, etc.
Then, within 15-20 minutes of that you should feel fairly numb (but not 100% numb).
Most often I tell patients it will be about an hour before they are feeling great.
That being said, sometimes anesthesia has an easier or harder time with the epidural placement. So, that time can certainly vary.
How late is too late to get an epidural?
You can ask for an epidural at any point. But, our response may be different based on how many babies you’ve had:
First Baby Epidural
You can really get an epidural whenever. Even if you’re at 10 cm you’ll still likely have a good 2 hours (on average) of pushing in front of you. If you want an epidural, let’s do it.
Keep in mind that once you start to push it can feel very different and you might be OK without it.
Second Baby Epidural
When you’ve already had a baby you will not push as long. Also, the last few centimeters often happen much faster than the first centimeters.
At around 8 or 9 cm it is unlikely the epidural will cause a lot of relief, and with proper breathing relaxation you might be able to have the baby before the epidural would even start to work (plus you wouldn’t have to hold still for the placement and risks an epidural would entail).
That being said, if my patient wants an epidural and is 9 cm, I will still call anesthesia. We will give it an effort, see if we can get it in. Sometimes it works. Sometimes we sit you up for placement and the baby starts to come out. Honestly, a win-win either way for you!
Often, even if we get the epidural at 9 cm doesn’t have time to provide a lot of pain relief before the baby comes out.
Hopefully this gave you some idea of what to expect. Be sure to check out my online class, and get started today!